“Significantly more than a billion euros a year”
The direct mandate winner with the relatively worst first vote results should be hit first
When it comes to limiting the number of members of the Bundestag, the front also runs through the ranks of the Union
In Germany, 598 members of the Bundestag would actually be envisaged for almost 83 million inhabitants. However, the German Bundestag currently has 709 seats. This is due to the additional mandates with which the German electoral law wants to compensate for discrepancies that result from a mixture of majority and proportional representation rights. According to poll numbers, there could even be 898 MPs in the next Bundestag. 189 more than now and 300 more than originally planned (cf. Bundestag could explode to almost 900 MPs in the case of new electionshttps: //www.heise.de/tp/features/Bundestag-koennte-bei-Neuwahlen-auf-fast-900- MPs -explode-4186147.html).
With 709 members of the Bundestag, Germany is already the second largest representative body in the world. The only one is bigger in China, where not just 83 million, but almost 1.34 billion people live. The people’s republic with its 2,980 people’s congress delegates therefore does much less than Germany. The same applies to the USA, where almost 330 million inhabitants have to finance 435 members of the House of Representatives and a hundred senators. Russia is also more modest with 450 Duma and 170 Federation Council members with around 145 million inhabitants. Not to mention India, where a maximum of 552 MPs represent around 1.34 billion people in the Lok Sabha.
After the federal taxpayers’ association (BdSt) warned two years ago that an almost nine hundred-strong Bundestag would cost “significantly more than a billion euros a year”, various actors came forward with proposals for reform, which however were always rejected by other actors. For example, Martin Sonneborn’s party for work, the rule of law, animal welfare, elite promotion and grassroots democratic initiative (PARTEI) called for an “upper limit for the total amount of diets for the entire Bundestag” (cf. PARTEI calls for an upper limit for MPs). The fact that none of the other German parties have been enthusiastic about this so far may be due to the fact that financial interests also play an important role in parties, which some political actors also do admit remarkably frankly.
A proposal by the association was also ignored More democracy, which would have given voters more power and party members less power: he envisaged that one voter in an electoral district could tick three instead of just one direct candidate without the ballot paper becoming invalid. This ballot would also look different because up to seven candidates could be selected for each party or group. If he wants to leave the decision of who comes to the Bundestag to a party, he can check the name of the party instead.
On the plenary vote on Friday joint proposal of the three opposition parties FDP, Left and GreensThe government parties CDU, CSU and SPD did not want to get involved in reducing the number of Bundestag constituencies from 299 to 250 and at the same time increasing the total number of seats by 32. To allow list order to intervene. The electoral results explain why the three parties, which are ideologically rather different, agree on this question: The CDU won a direct mandate in 185 of the 299 constituencies in 2017, the SPD in 59 and the CSU in 46 On the other hand, the Left Party (like the AfD) only managed three direct mandates, the Greens got one and the FDP got none.
Now the Union parliamentary group leader Ralf Brinkhaus has presented a reform proposal, which he is debating in the parliamentary group meeting today. However, this suggestion was not only met with ridicule on social media (where you can find out about it amusedthat elsewhere growth from 709 to 750 MPs is framed as a “downsizing”), but also with 39 MPs from the CDU and CSU.
In a letter, they criticized their group leader’s move as “strategic disaster” and “worst possible[n] Proposal of all previous proposals “. The former constitutional judge and law professor Udo di Fabio explained in more detail why they consider him unconstitutional in a legal opinion.Article 38.1 sentence 1 GG), the immediacy of choice (Article 38.1 sentence 1 of the Basic Law) and the principle of democracy (Art. 20 sec. 2 GG). “
If, according to the previous equalization and overhang mandate system, there are more than 750 seats, Brinkhaus wants to cancel a direct mandate for each overhang mandate that is not balanced. So that the parties do not use this as a convenient opportunity to get rid of disobedient self-thinkers, the direct mandate winners with the relatively poorest first vote results should be hit first. These first vote winner results are sometimes well below 50 percent. The SPD military commissioner Eva Högl, for example, won her Berlin constituency in 2017 with just 23.5 percent (cf. Justice Minister Barley becomes SPD European top candidate).
The CSU – among whose members there is traditionally a practically 100 percent direct mandate and from which a particularly large number of opponents of the Brinkhaus proposal come – has even presented an alternative proposal to that of the group leader. In addition to the number of constituencies, it also intends to reduce the number of list mandates, which should not apply to the next, but only to the next but one Bundestag election. In 2021, 299 direct, but a maximum of 400 list mandates are to be distributed.
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