Hong Kong autonomy controversy: China passes critical law – and threatens to retaliate against the United States

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“President Trump has promised …”

A new security law passed by China for Hong Kong is causing international criticism and exacerbating the conflict with the United States. Now it has been adopted anyway – and there have already been consequences.

Update from June 30, 12.44 p.m .: After several media in Hong Kong had reported that controversial security law enacted the official Xinhua News Agency has confirmed the reports. China’s head of state Xi Jinping has signed the law. The law should become part of the constitution of the Special Administrative Region, the news agency said. Critics, including the EU and the US, fear that the law will severely restrict human rights in Hong Kong.

Update from June 30, 11:59 a.m .: Despite worldwide criticism, China released the controversial Hong Kong National Security Protection Law this Tuesday, according to media reports. Several Hong Kong media unanimously reported that the People’s Congress Standing Committee unanimously approved the law. It targets activities that the Beijing government sees as separatist, subversive, or terrorist. In addition, it is intended to punish “secret agreements” with forces abroad.

The young pro-democracy party Demosisto has disbanded after reports of the adoption of the controversial Hong Kong security law. The members of the group announced on Tuesday that after many internal considerations, they had decided to “stop all operations as a group under the circumstances”. Shortly before, the well-known democracy fighter Joshua Wong and other leaders of the Hong Kong protest movement had announced that they would quit the party. Wong wrote on Facebook on Tuesday that with the security law on the doorstep, it was “no nonsense” for supporters of the democracy movement to worry about life and security. He then announced his resignation as general secretary of the Demosisto party founded in 2016.

Meanwhile, China has announced retaliation for the United States’ stop in defense equipment export to Hong Kong. “In response to the illegal actions of the United States, China will take the necessary countermeasures,” said Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian on Tuesday. “Attempts by the United States to prevent China from using so-called sanctions to advance national security legislation in Hong Kong will never prevail,” added Zhao.

Earlier, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Monday that he no longer wants to deliver armaments to Hong Kong. For Hong Kong, the same restrictions would apply to military material and so-called dual-use goods that can be used for civil as well as military purposes, as for China.

Update from June 26, 8:30 p.m.: In the Controversy over Hong Kong’s autonomy make the United States now serious and impose Entry restrictions against leading members of China’s Communist Party. The visa restrictions were directed against previous and current ones Party representativesinvolved in “undermining” Hong Kong’s autonomy Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Friday. This further tensions between Washington and Beijing.

President Trump has promised to punish the Chinese Communist Party officials who undermined Hong Kong’s freedoms, “said Pompeo.” Today we are taking steps to do just that. ” Of the Foreign minister made no statement about who exactly Punitive measures to meet. You could also stand against family members of representatives of the Communist party judge.

The measures are the reaction to a planned one Chinese security law for Hong Kong. Among other things, according to the law, Chinese security forces will be allowed to work in the former British crown colony. According to western states, the security law represents a massive one Intervention in the semi-autonomous status of Hong Kong and endangers democratic civil rights.

Of the U.S. Senate decided on Thursday Sanctions Act, which provides for punitive measures against individuals and organizations, such as police authorities, that undermine Hong Kong’s autonomy. The sanctions could also target banks. The law still has to pass the House of Representatives and then from US President Donald Trump be signed.

UN Human Rights Chief @mbachelet says that draft security law for #HongKongSAR must fully comply with #China’S human rights obligations as applied to Hong Kong.

Learn more: https://t.co/KwHWm1OCSd pic.twitter.com/MHD5A37xlo

Also one United Nations (UN) group of independent experts alarmed a week before the Geneva Human Rights Council met Suppression of liberties shown in China. Decisive international action as Countermeasure against current developments is necessary, it said on Friday in its message.

Among other things, the world community must pay attention to Beijing’s Security Act for Hong Kong. The experts also denounce dealing with the pro-democratic protests in Hong Kong that started last year.

Update from June 20, 3 p.m.: Now it is gradually becoming clearer how China intends to enforce the new security law in Hong Kong in the future: On Saturday, state news agency Xinhua reported details of a three-day meeting of the committee in chinese people’s congress.

Hong Kong schools have been ordered to display the Chinese flag and sing the Chinese national anthem as the city begins enforcing a controversial anthem law https://t.co/tRtsvhoT4N via @businessinsider

And the children will also feel the changes. Media reported that schools were ordered to sing the Chinese national anthem after an alternative hymn was broadcast for Hong Kong.

Of the Activist Joshua Wong has meanwhile announced plans to run for the upcoming legislative elections – but believes it is possible to end up in court or behind bars.

Update from June 1, 2:03 p.m .: The US President announced on Friday Donald Trumpthat he is given the increasing Interventions by China in Hong Kong’s Autonomy the Wants to largely end special treatment of the financial metropolis. China has now responded to this announcement, which also includes the removal of benefits related to export controls and tariffs.

The People’s Republic called it “inadmissible interference“Rejected. Zhao Lijian, spokesman for the Chinese foreign ministry, spoke on Monday of a “serious violation of international law and fundamental norms of international relations ”.

Update from June 1, 12:58 p.m .: While Federal Foreign Minister Heiko Maas (SPD) announced that Germany would like to mediate in the conflict between China and the United States, this is going into the next round. Because China has now with Retaliation as reaction on the announcement of US president Donald Trumpto impose restrictions on Chinese students for dealing with Hong Kong, threatened.

“Any words and actions that harm China’s interests will encounter countermeasures from the Chinese side,” Zhao Lijian, spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry said Monday in Beijing. Washington’s actions represent “serious interference in China’s domestic affairs” and would Undermining relations between the two countries. The spokesman initially did not go into concrete countermeasures that Beijing could take.

Update from June 1st, 10:46 am: China’s controversial Hong Kong security law has garnered harsh international criticism. The United States in particular condemned the law – and the governments in Washington and Beijing keep clashing in the wake of the corona crisis. Germany is now trying to mediate between the United States and China during its EU presidency.

“We Europeans in particular have no interest in the conflict of interests between China and the USA becoming irreconcilable,” said the Foreign Minister Heiko Maas (SPD) the newspapers of the Funke media group. He further emphasized that the world must not fall into a Chinese and an American sphere of interest. Germany is particularly challenged during the six-month presidency, which begins on July 1.

Maas also reaffirmed that the EU-China summit scheduled to take place in September. “There are too many important issues that we need to discuss with China,” said the minister. The aim is to commit the People’s Republic to “ambitious climate goals and fair global competition”.

Update from May 30th, 3.20pm: China reacted with anger to the UK threat, to pave the way for former citizens of the United Kingdom from Hong Kong to become British citizens. “We are determined against it. We reserve the right to take appropriate action, ”said a Foreign Ministry spokesman in Beijing. All Chinese in Hong Kong – a British crown colony until 1997 – are Chinese citizens.

The British government had threatened to naturalize former subjects in the dispute over Beijing’s security law for Hong Kong on Friday. If China Introducing the law will examine options to give citizens of the ex-colony a path to British citizenship, Interior Minister Priti Patel said.

So far, Hong Kong citizens have been able to stay in the UK for up to six months without a visa if they have British National Overseas (BNO) status and are in possession of a valid ID. According to London, this is currently around 350,000 people. Theoretically, however, would be scarce three million former subjects entitled to apply for a corresponding passport.

Update from May 29, 9:19 p.m .: Given China’s increasing involvement in what is actually autonomous Hong Kong, the US government will advantageous treatment of the metropolis largely quit. This would affect all agreements, including the areas Export controls and customs dutiessaid US President Donald Trump in the White House garden.

Hong Kong is no longer sufficiently autonomousto deserve the special treatment, ”said Trump. The government would therefore abolish the benefit treatments. With a few exceptions, this affects “the full extent” of previous agreements, Trump said. Also the Travel advice for Hong Kong would be tightened become.

Update from May 29, 8:58 p.m .: Of the UN Security Council has the Chinese plans for one controversial security law for Hong Kong now thematized. Instead of an official meeting on the subject, it was raised on the sidelines of another meeting, diplomats said in New York.

Because of the Corona pandemic the session took place virtually, spectators were not admitted. US Ambassador Kelly Craft then said that she had asked the other Security Council members to agree on one Urge withdrawal of the security law. However, China is also a permanent member of the body.

Update from May 29, 8:16 p.m .: The Chinese government replaces it and warns of one “Interfering” with other countries in their Hong Kong policies. “Any attempt to use Hong Kong to interfere in China’s domestic affairs is Sure to failThe Chinese ambassador to the UN, Zhang Jun, said after a video conference of the UN Security Council. The US and the UK reiterated their “serious concerns” about the controversial Hong Kong security law.

Update from May 29, 3:34 p.m .: In the dispute over Hong Kong Has China now accused the United States, they wanted the UN Security Council “take hostage”. Foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijan said on Friday in Beijing that the UN Security Council was not a tool that the US could manipulate at its will. “Other states that maintain international justice will not allow the United States to take the Security Council hostage for its own purposes,” announced Zhao.

At the same time the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman also attacked the government in London. China will take “countermeasures” against Britain if the Kingdom does Hong Kong residents one easier access to British citizenship should offer. Previously, China’s National People’s Congress approved a security law on Hong Kong on Thursday that, according to numerous critics, massively curtailed civil rights in the Special Administrative Region.

The controversial law is intended to punish “secession”, “subversion”, “terrorism” and the “endangerment of national security” and also to allow the mainland Chinese security authorities in Hong Kong to be deployed openly. In the course of Friday the UN Security Council to advise on the Security Act. US President Donald Trump also announced a press conference for Friday.

Update from May 29, 1:59 p.m .: The opposition has now called on the federal government to take a clearer stand against China’s security law for Hong Kong. Instead of “diaper-soft” explanations, a fundamental reorientation when dealing with China is needed, said Green Party leader Katrin Göring-Eckardt in the Bundestag. FDP deputy Gyde Jensen kept the government silent for days in the debate. She spoke of a “chronicle of the failure of German foreign policy”.

Meanwhile Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-Wen at a meeting with a prominent Hong Kong oppositionist Support for the democracy movement in the financial metropolis made clear. On Friday, the China-critical president met Lam Wing-kee, owner of a bookstore who had fled Hong Kong, in Taiswan’s capital, Taipei. Tsai again promised humanitarian aid and refuge for Hong Kongers who are fighting for democracy in their homeland.

Update from May 29, 11:18 p.m .: Given the controversial Security Act for Hong Kong Federal Foreign Minister said Heiko Maas (SPD) on Friday morning on the sidelines of EU consultations on further dealings with China. The federal government is currently pulling despite the massive criticism of the law No cancellation of the EU-China summit in Leipzig into consideration. “There is a lot we want to talk to China about,” said Maas. The EU-China summit planned for September is a good opportunity for this.

One goal, for example, is to make real progress in mutual relationships through an ambitious investment agreement. The summit also opens up the possibility of demanding the need for ambitious climate targets from China.

When asked whether the summit could be canceled, Maas responded by saying: “One could also come to the opposite conclusion and say that it is just then is necessaryto come together as a European Union and sit together at a table in order to also to discuss the unpleasant topics with each other. “

On Thursday, China’s People’s Congress approved plans for the controversial security law, laying the groundwork for official enactment. Internationally, the law has been sharply criticized, because it Bypasses Hong Kong’s parliament and yourself directed against activitiesthat are considered subversive or separatist. The current legislative proposal is the most extensive encroachment on the autonomy of the former British crown colony, where there have been strong anti-Chinese demonstrations for months.

Update from May 29, 6:31 a.m .: Against the backdrop of recent developments Hong Kong deal with EU foreign minister on Friday in a video conference with the long-term strategy towards China. Of the EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell described China’s rise to a confident and assertive player in his invitation letter as a “test for the geopolitical ambitions of the EU”. This year, two summits with Beijing are planned, one of which is to take place in Leipzig in September. In particular, an investment protection agreement is to be agreed.

Beijing’s approach to Hong Kong, however, ensures Restlessness in the EU. China’s National People’s Congress approved a security law on Thursday, which critics believe will significantly curtail civil rights in the Special Administrative Region.

Update from May 28, 4.45 p.m .: The Security Act for Hong Kong causes criticism internationally. “We in the EU agree: the high degree of autonomy in Hong Kong must not be undermined,” said Federal Foreign Minister Heiko Maas on Thursday. The USA, Great Britain, Canada and Australia too strongly condemned the new law.

Hong Kong citizens have freedoms and rights granted to them by the Special Administrative Zone Act and the “One country, two systems“were granted, Maas emphasized.” We expect these principles of the rule of law to be adhered to “that they are” the basis for the stability and prosperity of Hong Kong “. Freedom of expression and assembly as well as the democratic debate in Hong Kong would have to be respected in the future, he demanded.

The United States, Great Britain, Canada and Australia threw Beijing propose to violate its international obligations by law. “The proposed law would undermine the ‘one country, two systems’ principle,” said one joint communication of the four countries on Thursday.

Update from May 28, 9.26 a.m .: The National People’s Congress of China has approved the new security law for China’s Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The said law, which has already led to large-scale protests in Hong Kong last week, is to officially prohibit “riot” and “separatism”. Critics see the security law as a measure by the Chinese government to drastically curtail civil rights in the special administrative zone.

The project would be the most extensive intervention in the autonomy the former British Crown Colony, where it has been critical of China for months Demonstrations gave. Hong Kong has been in since the return in 1997 China governed according to the principle of “one country, two systems” as an independent territory. Criticism of the Chinese government also came out on Wednesday United States, where Secretary of State Mike Pompeo questioned Hong Kong’s autonomy status (see May 27 update, 19:53).

Update from May 27, 7:53 p.m .: According to US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Hong Kong no longer enjoys the autonomy status promised by China in 1997. In a statement to the US Congress on Wednesday, Pompeo said China was failing to meet its commitments to take over the former British crown colony. Given the situation in the Chinese Special Administrative Region, “no sensible person” can still claim today that Hong Kong enjoys a high degree of autonomy vis-à-vis China.

According to a law passed by the US Congress last year, the Hong Kong government has to certify annually that the Special Administrative Region continues to be autonomous of China. This is the prerequisite for the financial metropolis to be one under US law Special status in trade matters enjoy.

Pompeo had initially postponed the submission of the certificate to the annual one Meeting of the National People’s Congress to be seen in Beijing. This is expected to vote on a new security law for Hong Kong on Thursday. This prohibits “turmoil” and “separatism” in the special administrative area and is viewed by critics as another attack on civil rights.

“While the United States once hoped that a free and prosperous Hong Kong could set an example for authoritarian China, it is now becoming clear that China is shaping Hong Kong to its own example,” said Pompeo.

Update from May 27th, 1:59 pm: In Hong Kong has the anger about two planned and high controversial laws new protests triggered. The police secured roads around the Hong Kong Legislative Council on Wednesday with a large contingent. There the second reading was scheduled for a law that the Criminalize abuse of the Chinese national anthem should.

As the police said, at least 240 demonstratorssome of which also Incendiary devices should have carried with them, arrested. Demonstrations with hundreds of participants took place in several places in the city. The security forces fired pepper ammunition to drive out demonstrators.

Update from May 27, 6:53 p.m .: At a press conference on Tuesday at the White House, announced Trump to take action against China over controversial law to want. “We are currently doing something. I think you will find it very interesting. It is very powerful. But I’m not going to talk about it today, ”Trump said. He wants to present his plan at the end of the week. Trump also warns that if Beijing enforces the law, Hong Kong could lose its position as an international financial center.

By the way: Trump is currently working on a fact check by the media service Twitter in addition to the controversial laws for Hong Kong. The company examined two postings by the presidents – and drew a conclusion that Trump obviously did not like.

Update from May 25, 2:31 p.m .: Hong Kong security chief did what Beijing had planned Security law welcomed for the Chinese Special Administrative Region. This was necessary to prevent “terrorism” and demands for independence, said Secretary of State John Lee. “Terrorism is increasing in the city and activities that damage national security, such as Hong Kong’s independence, are rampant,” said Lee.

Police chief Chris Tang also spoke in favor of that controversial legislation out. The new law will help “fight against the independence movement” and “restore social order”.

The statements of the security representatives were made approximately at the same time as the Publishing a videothat shows how demonstrators beat up a lawyer. The video of the recent protests against the proposed security law was released online by Chinese state media on Monday. The video shows a bleeding man being kicked by demonstrators and beaten with umbrellas. According to media reports, the man had discussed with demonstratorswho put up a roadblock.

In #Hong Kong the conflicts between demonstrators and the police escalate. The reason is the planned security law of the Chinese government.https://t.co/SdxLtmxC6M

The Victim belongs to the Hong Kong lawyers ‘association and had to be treated in hospital after the attack, as the lawyers’ association said. The editor-in-chief of the Chinese state newspaper Global TimesHu Xijin distributed the video of the incident in mainland China’s prohibited social media service Twitter and wrote: “Let’s see what Washington-backed democracy really looks like in Hong Kong.” China provides the Hong Kong protests as a conspiracy that is supported from abroad and is supposed to destabilize China.

The plans for the new law had closed on Sunday most serious confrontations between protesters and security forces for months. Hong Kong police used tear gas, pepper spray, and water cannons against thousands of demonstrators who took part in one unapproved protest involved. At least 180 people were arrested.

The new law was on Friday of National People’s Congress in Beijing been launched. It is said to ban “separatism” and “turmoil” in Hong Kong and is a reaction to the protests that have been going on for some time. Many Hong Kong citizens fear that the law will severely restrict civil rights in the Chinese Special Administrative Region. With the protest march on Sunday, the demonstrators also sat down over current ones Anti-coronavirus requirements * away.

Update from May 24, 2020, 1:31 p.m .: Faced with growing tensions, the Chinese government has even given the US a “new cold war“We have been warned that some political forces in the United States are taking US-China relations hostage and putting our two countries on the brink of a new Cold War,” said China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi at an online press conference on the sidelines of the National People’s Congress in Beijing – obviously a swipe at the side US President Donald Trump. “In addition to the devastation caused by the new corona virus, there is also a political virus that is spreading in the United States,” Wang said. This means that China is “attacked and slandered at every opportunity”. “I call on the United States to stop, waste time and waste valuable life.”

In addition to the dispute over responsibility for the Corona pandemic the relationship between the United States and China will be burdened by a new security law for Hong Kong planned by Beijing. Greens faction leader Katrin Göring-Eckardt calls on the federal government to take action regarding the Chinese legislative plans for Hong Kong. “The federal government must no longer be rabbit-footed when dealing with China. Foreign Minister Maas should order the Chinese ambassador and make it absolutely clear to him that passing the law will not be without consequences, ”she said on Sunday.

Update from May 22, 3:55 p.m .: China is apparently planning an even tougher course in its Hong Kong policy – that Democracy activist Joshua Wong therefore has now Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) asked for help. He appealed to Merkel and the federal government to “stand with Hong Kong and take a stand,” said Wong on Friday image. The planned new security law for Hong Kong, which Beijing can use to classify and ban “all protests and calls for democracy” as “attempted coups”, means the end of all freedom, Wong said.

Also the Greens tried to make the chancellor responsible. In the future, any criticism of the limitation of Hong Kong’s autonomy and freedom of expression could be punished, warned Bundestag parliamentary group leader Katrin Goering-Eckardt. “I urge the federal government to emphatically convey to Xi Jinping that passing the law will not be without consequences.”

Any criticism of the limitation of Hong Kong’s autonomy and freedom of expression can be punished in the future. I urge the German government to emphatically convey to Xi Jinping that passing the law will not be without consequences. 2/3

The US government of President Donald Trump meanwhile, China’s proposed restrictive security laws for Hong Kong have “Death blow“Designated for the extensive autonomy of the metropolis. One condemns the planned “unilateral and arbitrary” enactment of such laws, said Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Friday. The United States urged China to rethink the “devastating proposals” and instead stick to international agreements on Hong Kong’s special status, which guarantees autonomy, civil rights, and democratic institutions.

First report: Beijing – With two months delay in Beijing Chinese People’s Congress started. The annual meeting of the 3,000 delegates is dedicated to the Corona crisis – for the first time in years, the Chinese government gives no growth target out. This causes concern on the stock exchanges. Many observers are also concerned about Beijing’s new plans for Hong Kong.

Wegen der Corona-Pandemie war die Jahrestagung der 3000 Delegierten des Volkskongresses um zwei Monate verschoben und zudem von den üblichen zwei Wochen auf eine Woche verkürzt worden. Die meisten Delegierten in der Großen Halle des Volkes trugen am Freitag Atemschutzmasken. Staatschef Xi Jinping and Ministerpräsident Li Keqiang verzichteten jedoch darauf. Der Kampf gegen das Virus steht im Mittelpunkt der Tagung. Diese begann mit einer Schweigeminute zum Gedenken an die Todesopfer der Pandemie.

Das Land stehe als Folge der Pandemie vor “enormen” ökonomischen Herausforderungen, erklärte Regierungschef Li Keqiang zum Auftakt der Tagung. Angesichts dieser “großen Unsicherheit” werde sich Peking auf die Stabilisierung des Arbeitsmarkts konzentrieren. Li kündigte neue Schulden und zusätzliche Milliardenausgaben an, um gegen die wirtschaftlichen Folgen der Pandemie zu kämpfen. Geplant sind ihm zufolge neue Corona-Staatsanleihen in Höhe von einer Billion Yuan (128 Milliarden Euro). Wie China ringt derzeit die gesamte Weltwirtschaft mit den Pandemie-Folgen.

Li kündigte in seinem Regierungsbericht zudem ein neues Sicherheitsgesetz für Hongkong an, das dort für neue Unruhen sorgen dürfte. Denn Chinas Führung will „wenn nötig“ in Zukunft auch eigene nationale Sicherheitsorgane in Hongkong aufstellen und einsetzen.

In einem Beschluss-Entwurf heißt es, die chinesische Sonderverwaltungsregion müsse die Institutionen und Umsetzungsmechanismen zur Wahrung der nationalen Sicherheit verbessern. Wenn es sein müsse, sollten aber auch die zuständigen Sicherheitsbehörden der Pekinger Zentralregierung Außenstellen in Hongkong schaffen, „um die betreffenden Verpflichtungen zur Sicherung der nationalen Sicherheit nach dem Gesetz zu erfüllen“.

Anführer der pro-demokratischen Kräfte in Hongkong verurteilten das Vorhaben als Anschlag auf die Bürgerrechte in der Sonderverwaltungszone. “Dies ist das Ende von Hongkong”, sagte der Oppositionsabgeordnete Dennis Kwok. Auch aus Washington kam massive Kritik an dem Gesetzesvorhaben. US-Präsident Donald Trump drohte mit einer “starken” Reaktion seiner Regierung. Die Hongkonger Börse gab um mehr als fünf Prozent nach.

Im vergangenen Jahr hatte es in Hongkong über sieben Monate hinweg Massendemonstrationen gegen den wachsenden Einfluss Pekings auf die Sonderverwaltungszone gegeben.

Das geplante Sicherheitsgesetz dürfte nach Ansicht von Beobachtern auf Aktivitäten zielen, die Peking als subversiv empfindet oder die auf eine Unabhängigkeit abzielen könnten. Kritiker sehen einen massiven Angriff auf den Grundsatz „ein Land, zwei Systeme“, nach dem die frühere britische Kronkolonie seit der Rückgabe 1997 an China weitgehend autonom verwaltet wird. The prodemokratischen Kräfte in Hongkong befürchten, dass sie zum Ziel des neuen Sicherheitsgesetzes werden.

Die Nachrichten aus China haben am Freitag den Dax unter die Marke von 11.000 Punkten gedrückt. „Die Ankündigungen des Volkskongresses haben die Anleger richtig verschreckt“, erklärte Marktexperte Thomas Altmann vom Vermögensverwalter QC Partners.

Donald Trump befindet sich seit Monaten im Handelsstreit mit China. In einem Punkt handelt er aber ähnlich wie die Staatschefs in Peking – auf Masken verzichtet auch Trump in der Pandemie gerne.


Rubriklistenbild: © dpa / Vincent Yu

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